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A Time To Kill - Broadway

A stage adaptation of John Grisham's best-selling novel.

Chart the History of John Grisham’s A Time to Kill, From Bestselling Novel to Broadway Thriller

Chart the History of John Grisham’s A Time to Kill, From Bestselling Novel to Broadway Thriller
Patrick McGoohan, Matthew McConaughey & Samuel L Jackson in the movie ' A Time to Kill'; Fred Dalton Thompson, John Douglas Thompson & Sebastian Arcelus in 'A Time to Kill' on Broadway
Follow the journey of 'A Time to Kill' from bestselling novel to the Great White Way.

A new stage adaptation of John Grisham's bestselling novel A Time to Kill has come to order on Broadway, starring Sebastian Arcelus as ambitious young lawyer Jake Brigance and John Douglas Thompson as Carl Lee Hailey, a man who takes the law into his own hands when a harrowing crime is committed against his daughter. Below, find out how this real-life story inspired the celebrated novel, a blockbuster film and now a thrilling drama on the Great White Way.

Order in the Court
In 1984, at the De Soto County courthouse in Hernando, Mississippi, a young civil litigator named John Grisham witnessed harrowing testimony that would change his life forever. Grisham, then 29, stuck around after work one evening to watch a rape trial—the victim was a 12-year-old girl. “Her testimony was gut-wrenching, graphic, heartbreaking and riveting,” Grisham told The New York Times. “Every juror was crying. I remember staring at the defendant and wishing I had a gun. And with that, a story was born.”

Grisham spent three years perfecting his first novel about Carl Lee Hailey, a black man who is tried in Mississippi after killing the two men who raped his daughter, and Jake Brigance, the idealistic white lawyer who represents him. After being rejected by 28 publishers, A Time to Kill finally hit store shelves in 1989, but it was not an immediate hit with readers. “Five thousand copies were printed and we couldn’t give them away,” Grisham says in the book’s introduction. Undeterred, the author filled his trunk with copies and drove from library to library, begging them to display his first novel.

It wasn’t until The Firm, Grisham's best-selling second book, was published in 1991 that his “neglected and forgotten” thriller A Time to Kill got a second look. Reprinted and remarketed, it sold 1.5 million copies, allowing Grisham to quit his job as a lawyer. “Writing is still the most difficult job I’ve ever had,” the author said. “But it’s worth it.”

Lights, Camera, Action
As Grisham’s books climbed the bestseller charts, his 1993 political thriller The Client sparked the interest of director Joel Schumacher. The film grossed more than $117 million worldwide, and the pair hoped to recreate their success with a movie adaptation of A Time to Kill, Grisham’s first (and favorite) novel. The pair attracted big name stars, including Sandra Bullock, Oliver Platt, Kiefer Sutherland and Samuel L. Jackson as Carl Lee Hailey. Although Kevin Costner and Woody Harrelson expressed interest in playing leading man Jake Brigance, neither seemed quite right to Grisham.

Meanwhile, a virtually unknown actor named Matthew McConaughey was cast as Freddie Lee Cobb, one of the men who brutally rapes 10-year-old Tonya Hailey—but the 26-year-old actor had his sights set on the lead. “I’d heard Brad Pitt was playing the part, so I said, ‘Is Brad playing Jake?’ and Joel said, ‘No, do you think he should?’” McConaughey told Texas Monthly. The actor boldly proposed himself as Brigance, and Schumacher, who hadn’t yet found an actor that Grisham liked, agreed to a screen test.

“The great part about Matthew,” said Schumacher, “is he’s the kind of guy every mother would like their daughter to marry, but there’s also a badass, bad-boy side to him. It creates a wonderful tension on screen.” Grisham agreed wholeheartedly, and the studio execs were relieved the pair had finally decided on a lead. A Time to Kill hit theaters in 1996, grossing more than $152 million worldwide and putting McConaughey on the map as a serious leading man.

Next Stop, Washington
Playwright and songwriter Rupert Holmes (The Mystery of Edwin Drood) was so inspired by the story of Jake Brigance and his fight for justice, he set out to adapt the book into a play. “It’s quite a gripping novel,” he told “It’s a very American story, a very vital and voluptuous story, and it deals with the same issues of race and justice that we’re still dealing with. It’s a very relevant book for its time.”

Holmes enlisted Ethan McSweeny (Broadway’s The Best Man) to direct—even though he wasn’t exactly a Grisham aficionado. “At that time, I had never read the book and I had never seen the movie, and that was considered a great virtue because I could come at the play on its own terms,” the director told “Of course, now I know the book almost by heart. I’ve come to really enjoy and respect John Grisham’s work.” In 2011, Arena Stage in Washington, D.C. agreed to produce the stage thriller, but McSweeny and Holmes were still searching for their Jake Brigance...until an actor known mostly for his roles in musicals like Elf, Wicked and Jersey Boys entered the audition room.

“From the moment Sebastian Arcelus came in to audition, we knew we had found our Jake,” said McSweeny. “Sebastian brings a great sense of determination, enthusiasm and even sometimes naivete to Jake, and I think it’s really crucial.” With their leading man in place, McSweeny cast Broadway alum Erin Davie as Brigance’s wife Carla, Dion Graham as Carl Lee Hailey, Evan Thompson as Judge Noose and Brennan Brown as defense attorney Rufus Buckley. The production received an encouraging response from critics, but Holmes knew revisions were needed before bringing the play to Broadway.

A Time to Shine
While reworking the script, Holmes eliminated the role of Carla, played by Davie, and set the action of A Time to Kill almost entirely in the Mississippi courtroom. “A Time to Kill is a 600-page novel with about 200 characters, and trying to bring [that] to the stage presents a challenge,” Holmes told Paring down the production to a cast of 14—still large by contemporary Broadway standards—helped streamline the action and bring the trial center stage.

With Arcelus reprising his role as Jake Brigance, the Broadway production boasts a cast of heavy hitters, including John Douglas Thompson (Cyrano de Bergerac) as Carl Lee Hailey, Patrick Page (Spider-Man) as Rufus Buckley, Emmy winner Tom Skerritt in his Broadway debut as Lucien Wilbanks, Ashley Williams (How I Met Your Mother) as law student Ellen Roark, Tony winner Tonya Pinkins (Caroline, or Change) as Hailey’s wife Gwen and former Tennessee senator Fred Dalton Thompson (Law & Order) as Judge Noose.

Arcelus can’t wait to give his Broadway opening (night) argument on October 20. "[A Time to Kill] has marinated inside of me for the last couple of years,” Arcelus told “It has changed and deepened, although it’s the same wonderful story—a small town gripped in this massive fight between race and class, and whether justice is blind. How can you not want to be a part of the telling of this story in a new, exciting way? Grisham is a part of our national fabric, and A Time to Kill lends itself to being transferred to the stage in the most gripping way.”

See A Time to Kill, opening October 20 at the Golden Theatre!

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